Article: Why I Am Not a Libertarian – The Ethical Spectacle

A sympathetic yet critical look.  It largely captures my own opinion.
— Ernie P.

A Belarussian translation of this essay is here.

Why I Am Not a Libertarian

I thought about entitling this essay “Two Cheers For Libertarianism.” On civil liberties matters, I am perfectly libertarian; in fact, I have just delivered a briefing paper on the pervasiveness doctrine to the Cato Institute, and hope to write more for them on topics such as anonymity and mandatory ratings systems.

But there are other libertarian positions, such as that against anti-discrimination laws, which shock the conscience; like Hayek, I believe that there are things worth doing that the free market cannot do. Here then, is an attempt to outline what is good about libertarianism, and then contrast what doesn’t make sense. The conclusion I draw is that like most human belief systems, libertarianism mixes practicality with some idealism unrelated to human nature. Therefore, as much as I sympathize with most of the diagnoses and some of the prescriptions, I am not a libertarian.

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Gonz: A Radical Centrist Vision of Truth and Progress

By @mikecgonz
We believe:
1a) There are objective facts that exist independent of human experience
1b) These objective facts, when taken collectively, contain all of existence
1c) A fact is a piece of incontrovertible truth which exists at a specific point in time, or over a length of time
2) Under no circumstances can humans be perfect (or optimized)
3) As a result, humans can’t have perfect knowledge of facts 

Result: No claim by humans of objective truth can be correct. Humans can only have working rules. 

1) Humans can’t have perfect knowledge of facts
2a) Humans can improve their situation by applying solutions based on correct understanding of facts
2b) The human situation is the current state of either a single person, a group, or collective humanity
3) As a result, humans can improve their situation, but their application of solutions is imperfect 

Result: There is a distinction between “correct knowledge”, which can help humanity improve its situation, and “perfect knowledge”, which is an impossibility involving total understanding. 

1) Humans can improve their situation, but their application of solutions is imperfect
2a) Humans can improve their situation through careful study and application of innovation
2b) Innovation is anything created or concocted by humans that exists outside of nature
3) As a result, careful study and application of innovations can improve humanity’s situation, though imperfectly 

Result: Broad (ideological, say) rules don’t suffice in improving the human situation. 

1) Careful study and application of innovations can improve humanity’s situation, though imperfectly
2) Even though facts don’t change, our understanding of facts can change
3) As a result, our imperfection in applying innovations is a reflection of a lack of understanding 

Result: When we change our position, it’s not an admission that we don’t think facts are absolute- it’s that we were wrong. 

Overall, we’ve: 

a) retained eternal objectivity, and removed objective truth from the controlling hands of humans
b) removed human perfectibility from consideration (destroying communism), yet protected things like transhumanism and futurism as incremental enhancement
c) defended the ability of humanity to continue solving problems
d) wholesale destroyed broad “moral imperative” ideologies (socialism, modern progressivism, evangelicalism), in favor of incrementalism

Billy Rojas: Radical Centrist view of Laissez-Faire Economics

by Billy Rojas 

 ( 1 ) A  laissez faire economic system works remarkably well at the beginning stage of almost any business, for example computers, but in the past such things as fast food, automobiles, and movies. Freedom to innovate and build business ventures is a great strength of laissez faire.

Corollary: Sometimes government research expedites the process. That is, results from government supported research projects can be  borrowed intact and made into successful new businesses, as has happened with the Internet and simultaneously the computer industry itself. This was also true concerning railroads in the 19th century.

 Corollary:  The economic purpose of governance is to create fair markets. This does not always require action by the government per se but often it does because no other system can protect those without access to establishments which hold dominant economic power. Also, government, at least in theory, has a neutral referee function and can act  as an impartial adjudicator. While this may sometimes not be the case, the ideal of  fair judgement is important in maintaining some semblance of fair play.

( 2 )  In mature industries / businesses, laissez faire has an overwhelming tendency toward monopoly formation and the rise of super-corporations that make it impossible for smaller firms to compete. Hence the dozens of car manufacturers of the early 20th century eventually became just 3, and hundreds of TV enterprises have become just 9 giant businesses today. This happens in every mature industry except businesses that are strictly focused on local markets like restaurants and beauty salons.

 ( 3 )  A mythology of laissez faire distorts the reality of this system. Proponents of laissez faire tell us , for example,  that the Free Market is always fair to all businesses and always self regulates for the common good.

Note: But such opinions are only true under special circumstances and
often are false and deceptive.

 Corollary:  According to this mythology,  regulations always  –maybe a few exceptions are allowed–  are harmful to the economy and almost always  are motivated by ideology-driven politics that serve the interests of special interest groups, especially labor unions.

Note: However, other interest groups may also deserve criticism, such as business cartels.

 Critique: The Free Market is approximately as much a fiction as it is a reality. This is because of several factors, starting with the enormous power of finance capital, a phenomenon that makes a mockery of fair competition and any notion of real world market efficiency as a universal norm. A business may be efficient but maybe not, which ought to be obvious in considering finance capital itself, which gave us most of the mess that erupted in 2007 and really decked the economy in 2008. For sure, a good part of the blame can be laid on the doorstep of Fannie and Freddie, but there was so much else going on, like the creation of irrational derivatives for which the government had no responsibility, that it is clear beyond all reasonable doubt, that ideals like honesty and efficiency were not factors at all, because what mattered just about universally on Wall Street were get rich quick schemes, or get ultra rich schemes, and damn the torpedoes……..

 As well, because of corporate size differentials, and economies of scale, any market in any established industry, is like going to a butcher shop where the butcher has his thumb on the scale. Small size businesses simply cannot compete  –in terms of rates for shipping of lower volume goods, available legal counsel, and many other things. 

( 4 )  Laissez faire, because it is over-lionized by many people, tends to be regarded as almost a God unto itself. Consequently, the market in an advanced Capitalist society tends ( overwhelmingly ) to become outright amoral or even immoral.  This harms society generally since all ethical principles are thrown to the winds whenever some unethical “product” is perceived as offering large profits. Hence, marketing of inappropriate goods and services to children,  and so forth.

 Corollary:  We can see the effects of immoral market forces in exaggerated form in the functioning of illegal businesses like recreational drugs, “businesses” that indulge in a myriad of criminal activities for the sake of maintaining profit margins.

 Corollary:  Because of worship of the bottom line intrinsic to the laissez faire system even national security may be sacrificed for the sake of quarterly earnings. Hence massive technology transfer to America’s detriment. Hence willingness to agree to business contracts with nations like Saudi Arabia and China which, different as these particular states may be, are alike is seeking advantage in obtaining sensitive military hardware, as in the case of the Saudis, or such things as commercial jet basic assemblies, on the part of the Chinese. Laissez faire economic policy, in other words, can easily result in national disadvantage,  which we can now see more clearly than before in the case of auto parts shortages etc, that were the result of the tsunami some months ago. It may be that there is much money to be made through usual laissez faire practices but when this results in national military security or national economic security vulnerabilities, then laissez faire can be seen for what it is, excellent in some ways, terrible in others.

( 4 )  The market simply cannot or will not do some things that are very useful to society. In such cases government may decide to act. Hence, the Interstate highway system, the Intercoastal waterway –the canal system used by Atlantic seaboard states– and Boulder Dam and other hydroelectric projects.

Corollary:  Private businesses are very skilled at making maximum use of such projects and using new leverage from them to help build the overall economy. This is a prime example of the value of government / private sector co-operation for common good.

 Corollary:  Demonization of government is dysfunctional and stupid. Moreover, anti-government ideology is disrespectful toward James Madison and other Founding Fathers and toward the many thousands of Americans who took part in the ratifying conventions that brought the Constitution into being, the document which established our  government. To pretend that the Constitution promotes bare bones minimal government is a misreading of history since it was intended to remedy the extreme weaknesses of the system in place under the actually minimalist system of the Articles of Confederation However, honest criticism of government failings is always a positive good and serves a valuable social and economic purpose. Reform of government sometimes is necessary and when it is, we should make sure it happens.

 ( 5 )  Because a functional market with laissez faire characteristics is an economic good, the Government has the responsibility to see to it that sufficient regulations are in place at all times such that some approximation of a “pure” laissez faire system operates for the national interest. This policy of necessary regulations  is essential because of the built-in limitations and flaws in the laissez faire system itself. However, this also means all necessary regulations only, and the fewer the better. But enforcement of such regulations must be rigorous and the penalties should be such that no investor would even think about violating the rules.

 Corollary:  Regulation is a two-edged sword, both  due to regulatory capture by industry, and also because regulation can create barriers to entry which prevents innovation. The cost isn’t infinite –sometimes it is worth it–  but it isn’t zero either. Therefore it is vitally important to limit the number of regulations as much as possible, consistent with legitimate social or other needs. We also need some reliable, non-partisan means to evaluate the effects of regulation such that any problems with rules can be remedied with minimum delay and to good effect without significant burden to industry.

 We need to give laissez faire full credit where it is deserved, it can deliver wealth to multitudes and create economic growth that benefits the entire nation. However, his is not all it does and sometimes this system is responsible for serious problems that demand redress.

 Above all, we need to think about laissez faire in objective terms and never attribute virtues to it that are false to the facts.

  Billy Rojas

December 12, 2011

Website: We Need a Conversational Shift

We Need a Conversational Shift

The Present Paradigm

It seems that in most exchanges about politics and issues today, whether they be pundits or shows on TV and radio, debate in Congress, or exchanges among regular folks, the same arguments and accusations are made and impasses reached. Rarely is any new ground covered. Each side is stuck in its perspective.

We tend to look at the other side as the adversary, whose voice we believe must be silenced. And, when we do have an “open” conversation, it’s usually among those who share our thoughts. What I’m describing is the prevailing paradigm of communication, which has been going on for centuries.

Meanwhile, problems keep surmounting, while real solutions remain elusive. Many of the old solutions that once worked, no longer apply. We’re coming to a point in human history, when, in order to come to terms with our problems, we need to shift our thinking and communication to a new paradigm.

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A Radical Centrist Vision for the Future by Billy Rojas is proud to announce a monumental new work by Billy Rojas:

A Radical Centrist Vision for the Future

100 New Constitutional Amendments for the 21st Century

This exhaustive treatise lays out a comprehensive vision of not just how to interpret the constitution, but how to update it to address governance and civic issues of critical importance to the American body politics.
You’re guaranteed to find many things you agree with, some you disagree with, and a few that will challenge you deeply.
Please read it over, then come share your thoughts with Billy (and the rest of us) on our forum.


Article: Nick Clegg tells Lib Dems they belong in ‘radical centre’ of British politics Clegg tells Lib Dems they belong in ‘radical centre’ of British politics | Politics | The Guardian

• Allegra Stratton and Patrick Wintour

•, Sunday 13 March 2011 12.11 EDTNick Clegg has told Liberal Democrat delegates that they are now the party of the “radical centre”, hours after the party voted to commit itself to the traditions and beliefs of social democracy.

In his address wrapping up the party’s two-day conference, Clegg pushed ahead in his attempt to redefine the Lib Dems. His speech rejected the “tribalism of left and right” and instead made its pitch to middle-income earners – “alarm clock Britain”.

Clegg said: “We are liberals and we own the freehold to the centre ground of British politics. Our politics is the politics of the radical centre. We are governing from the middle, for the middle.

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Article: How I became a radical centrist and why you should also become one | ViewsHound

By Jack Davis – Sunday 30 Oct 2011

I explain my unexpected and strange transformation from a right-wing ideologue to a passionate centrist. Please join us—you have nothing to lose but your dogma.

The Case for Centrism

I’ve followed politics for years, but for most of them, I was a dogmatic right-winger. This was not the product of deep thinking; it was probably the natural result of growing up in a conservative household. My parents hated liberals and leftists; they sincerely thought these people were out to destroy America. For most of my life I took a right-wing party line, going as far to join the John Birch Society! I never seriously examined my ideology. I knew that the people on the other side were ignorant and had the worst intentions; there was no point in talking to them.

Incredibly, a baseball (really) book radically changed my thinking. I had been a fan of a writer named Bill James since I was in high school, many years ago. He wrote a book in 1994 called What Happened to the Hall of Fame, and I decided to check it out. Unexpectedly, he discusses his political beliefs on page 28. After reading this page, my thinking changed forever (really). He explained eloquently why he was a moderate. These are the five sentences that changed my ideology forver:

It is my observation, listening to political partisans, that there is some truth in what everybody says, but that they will all distort the truth to defend their position.(emphasis added). In my judgment, everyone on the political landscape,from Rush Limbaugh to Howard Metzenbaum (former liberal Senator from Ohio) is right about some things; I will listen to any of them and think that there is some truth in what he or she is saying. But at the same time, they all B.S. They all wear blinders. They say things they know or should know are not true, but which they feel they must say to defend the extreme positions they have taken. (emphasis added).

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